How to Clear a Building with a Firearm

Thứ bảy - 27/04/2024 01:13
Clearing or searching a building when someone may be in it (who also may have a weapon) is a very dangerous task, and should not be taken lightly. Police and military have training for such circumstances, but the normal citizen is usually...
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Clearing or searching a building when someone may be in it (who also may have a weapon) is a very dangerous task, and should not be taken lightly. Police and military have training for such circumstances, but the normal citizen is usually less than knowledgeable on the subject. Although the authorities should always be contacted in the event of a suspected break-in, knowing how to clear the building yourself may help you to keep yourself and your loved ones safe in the event that help cannot arrive in time. This article, for the purpose of simplification, will assume you are in your house.

Method 1
Method 1 of 9:

Before You Do Anything

  1. Step 1 Choose an appropriate...
    Choose an appropriate firearm. Exploring your house for that unidentified sound in the night or to going to the aid of a loved one with empty hands is not a smart idea. Equipping yourself is therefore important. The three main categories of firearms are pistols (handguns), shotguns, and rifles. The very first step is to intimately familiarize yourself with firearm safety rules. For example, be sure of your target and what's beyond it. Don't shoot your teenage son sneaking back into the house. Also, remember that most likely the bullets you are firing will go through the walls in your house, and could therefore strike loved ones.[1]
    • Consider tactically preparing yourself with a pistol for suggestions on arming yourself with a pistols. Pistols are a lightweight, efficient, and popular choice for personal defense.
    • An alternative, and highly recommended, firearm to have would be a pump-action shotgun. Shotguns have much better stopping power than a pistol. A pump-action is recommended as reliability is of the utmost importance, but you can also use break-action shotguns to good effect. Don't be fooled by those who say that shotguns are point and shoot. Shotguns take as much training and practice as pistols and rifles.
    • Rifles are the third common option. Rifles, again, produce (even in some smaller calibers) significantly more stopping power than most pistols, but they require just as much precision. A magazine-fed, semi-automatic rifle is the suggested choice as two hands may not always be available, and the option to quickly shoot multiple rounds is often a welcome one.
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Method 2
Method 2 of 9:

Clearing Corners

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Method 3
Method 3 of 9:

Clearing Doorways

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Method 4
Method 4 of 9:

Clearing Self-Closing Doors

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Method 5
Method 5 of 9:

Clearing Hallways

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Method 6
Method 6 of 9:


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Method 7
Method 7 of 9:

Clearing Stairs

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Method 8
Method 8 of 9:

Engaging Once the Target is Spotted

  1. Step 3 Do not jump to conclusions.
    Chances are you are unsure of who your adversary is or do not know his intentions. (Realize an intruder may mask their intentions — and someone who broke into your house is probably not there to borrow sugar.) Present yourself, by surprise if possible, and order the target with short, firm phrases. Once you have gotten your targets attention with "STOP!" "Hands in the air!" try directing the intruder by saying "Face away from me!" and "Get on your knees!"
    • Having him face away from you and keeping him on his knees prevents him from retaliating against you, and keeps him from moving anywhere quickly without a good deal of movement.
    • If he has a firearm in his hand, be sure to tell him to drop it! If he does not comply immediately, he is only contemplating the best way to shoot you with it. Re-emphasize the point with "...else I will shoot you!", then take appropriate action. If he decides to slowly set it down, tell him to "STOP!" and "DROP IT!" There have been many police shootings which involved a person slowly setting down a gun, then changing their mind and shooting the police instead. It will take at least 1/8th of a second from the time they start to bring up their firearm until your brain can react. This is plenty of time for them to fire before you know what is going on.
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Method 9
Method 9 of 9:

Clearing a Building in Reduced Light

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  • Many room clearing techniques you find on the Internet are made for the military or law enforcement who primarily clear buildings with two or more people. These techniques don't always translate to the homeowner clearing his home by himself.
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  • Be sure to follow all state and local laws (though at times, decisions must be made for the sake of your life and those of loved ones). Note that many laws on firearms change drastically from state to state, and can even change between counties or even cities.
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  • Be aware that even if you use all techniques above right, there's always a chance you or a loved one could get injured/die.
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  • Make sure you identify your target before firing on them. The police may have already made entry, and you do not want to shoot a cop by mistake. Even if you have not called the police, it's possible that a neighbor saw someone breaking into the house and called, or a police officer just happened to be driving by.
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  • When clearing a corner or doorway, realize that an armed intruder may be able to shoot you through the wall or door. If they do not know where you are, they will not shoot you, but it is best to step back from cover to make randomly fired bullet less likely to hit you.
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  • Most firearm projectiles will go through residential walls and doors. Do not shoot toward areas where loved ones may be.
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  • Firearms can be very dangerous and even lethal (else they wouldn't be effective weapons). They should only be used for home or personal defense by experienced firearm users.
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