How to Stay Fit and Healthy

Thứ bảy - 27/04/2024 01:13
You did it! You've reached the level of fitness and health you've been striving for. Now that you have achieved some of your health-related goals, you'll need to focus on staying fit and healthy by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. You may...
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You did it! You've reached the level of fitness and health you've been striving for. Now that you have achieved some of your health-related goals, you'll need to focus on staying fit and healthy by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. You may have changed a lot of things about what you eat, your habits, and/or your exercise routine. Sometimes keeping up with all the great changes you've made to be more fit or healthy can be daunting. Many people have difficulty maintaining these changes long-term. It can make you feel overwhelmed or you can get tired or bored with the lifestyle you've developed. There are a lot of ways that you can stay fit and healthy.

Method 1
Method 1 of 3:

Making a Plan to Stay Fit and Healthy

  1. Step 1 Touch base your doctor and registered dietitian.
    When you are changing your focus from losing weight or meeting a certain goal to maintaining the healthy body you have fought hard to achieve, your dietary needs may change, too. Before becoming fit and healthy you likely met with your doctor and/or a dietitian, and now would be a good time to follow up and discuss your new goals. If you haven't met with either of these health professionals, now is a great time to make an appointment. This is especially important if, for you, getting healthy has involved beating an illness, recovery from surgery or finding a strategy for handling a chronic condition.
    • Meet with your regular doctor. Talk to them about what your goals are, any diets or exercise programs you've done and any lifestyle changes you've made. Discuss any strategies to keep up your momentum going forward.
    • A registered dietitian is a nutrition professional who will be able to provide you with information and a healthy eating plan. If you have been losing weight and have finally reached your target weight, you will need to change to a diet focused on maintaining your weight, not shedding or gaining pounds. Your dietitian will work with you to make a meal plan that meets your new goals and provide you with appropriate levels of nutrition.
  2. Step 2 Reassess your goals.
    Your previous goals likely had to do with becoming fit and healthy. Now that you have reached that place, it is a good idea to set new goals to keep yourself motivated. Try setting both short- and long-term goals. Studies have shown that setting smaller, more achievable goals will help you reach a larger goal over time.[1]
    • Small goals at healthy, maybe you want to run a 5k. Set a long-term goal to run a 5k in two months, and smaller goals leading up to the race — be able to run 2.5k by the end of the first month, or goals to run 5k in shorter and shorter amounts of time. Ensure your goals are realistic for you - just being able to stand unaided is a huge achievement for some people.
    • Keep striving for higher goals. Maybe next you will run a half-marathon. Continue to go above and beyond your small goals. You can keep setting smaller goals as you go.
    • Don't beat yourself up if you stumble or fail to reach goals right away. As you've likely learned on your quest to get as fit and healthy as you can be, goal attainment is not linear and can be a struggle — making an achievement that much sweeter.
    • Be realistic and set yourself up for success. Factor in for setbacks. Goals that are too difficult or too big may not be realistic for you. Make sure you're able and willing to do what it takes to meet your goals. Even the fittest and healthiest people can colds or strained ankles which alter their exercise regimens, temporarily. You can't control everything.[2]
  3. Step 3 Write up a meal plan.
    Meal plans are a great tool when you're trying to stick to a healthy eating plan. They make it easy to stick to a plan long-term. Again, this is something that a dietician specializes in, so utilize your as a resource and get help making up a meal plan that meets your needs.
    • Meal plans are the framework for all your meals and snacks for a week or two. This will give you the information to keep you on track and give you the basis for a grocery list, which can help you avoid impulse or huger shopping.
    • Write out what you'll be eating for each meal, snack, and beverage. Keep this information written in a calendar or a notebook. You may also want to note what meals require meal prep and when you're planning on doing your meal prep throughout the week.
    • For example: Breakfast: 1/2 cup of oatmeal with berries, Lunch: spinach salad with grilled chicken (grilled over the weekend during meal prep), Afternoon snack: 1 individual Greek yogurt, Dinner: grilled salmon, steamed broccoli and brown rice (broccoli cut during meal prep).
    • The more detailed you are with your meal plan the more likely you are to stick to your plan and not deviate.
  4. Step 4 Design your exercise plan.
    Similar to a meal plan, an exercise plan is a detailed list of what you plan on doing as far as physical activity. You may wish to enlist the help of a personal trainer to help you set new fitness goals and maybe mix up your workout routine.
    • Just saying that you are going “get fit” is like telling someone to build a house without a blueprint. These step by step goals can help keep you on track.
    • Start your exercise plan with your goal. It might be: run your first 5k, run for 20 minutes straight without walking, etc.
    • After your goal, write out the exact steps you need to take to meet your goal. For example, if your goal is to run a 5k your plan could be: Run/walk 1 mile three days a week for one month, run/walk 2 miles four days a week during the second month, and run/walk 3.1 miles four to five days a week during the third month.
    • Another option is to follow your favorite fitness guru's plan. Many well-known fitness coaches have programs on the market that can be implemented into your current lifestyle.
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Method 2
Method 2 of 3:

Eating to Help You Stay Healthy

  1. Step 3 Aim for a...
    Aim for a well-balanced diet. To maintain a fit and healthy lifestyle you'll need to eat a well-balanced diet. This style of eating provides your body with all the required nutrients you need each day.[6]
    • A balanced diet will support a healthy weight, an active lifestyle and a healthy body.
    • Eat each food group most days and throughout the week, and eat a wide variety of a foods from within each food group as well.[7]
    • Eat enough from each of your food groups. It's typically recommended to eat five to nine servings of fruits and vegetables,[8] [9] three to four servings of grains,[10] and a serving of lean protein at each meal and snack[11] .
  2. Step 5 Drink adequate amounts...
    Drink adequate amounts of fluids. Maintaining adequate hydration is very important for your general health and wellness. Also, when you're hydrated you are able to maintain your fit and healthy lifestyle.[14]
    • Water is important for a variety of functions in your body including: maintaining body temperature, lubricates joints, protects organs and keeps tissues moist.[15]
    • Most experts recommend consuming at least eight to 13 8-oz glasses of water daily.[16]
    • If you're not a big fan of plain water (some people just don't like water), consider adding a no calorie water flavor enhancer to boost consumption. Or, if you love the bubbles of soda, drink club soda (not tonic water, which has calories) and add a little water flavor enhancer or lemon or lime.
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Method 3
Method 3 of 3:

Maintaining Your Healthy Lifestyle

  1. Step 1 Exercise regularly.
    Health experts recommend including regular physical activity to support a fit and healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise has a variety of benefits that can help maintain and improve your overall health. Regular physical activity, especially cardio, has many health-promoting effects including: improved mood, weight maintenance, improvement in high blood pressure or diabetes, improved sleep habits and decreased risk of overall mortality.[17]
    • Consider finding a workout buddy to hold you accountable and maybe make your routine a little more fun. If you know your friend is counting on you for that run at 7am, you will be less likely to hit the snooze button and skip your workout.
    • It's typically recommended to do at least 150 minutes of cardio activities each week. However, for even more health benefits, you can do up to 300 minutes of cardio weekly.
    • Incorporate regular strength training into exercise regimen one to three days a week. Weight training carries benefits of strengthening muscles, building and maintaining bone density and increases overall metabolism. Include enough exercises to work each muscle group. Some people break it up to upper body one day, lower body another day, and then core muscles on the third day.
  2. Step 3 Track your numbers in a journal or using a fitness app.
    If you're trying to maintain a fit and healthy lifestyle, it's important to set up ways to keep yourself on track. Many times, regular measuring or weighing can help you stay on track long-term.[19] You can also track what you eat, how much you exercise, which exercises you are doing, how much water you are drinking, etc. If you notice any changes in your weight, fitness level or overall health, looking back through your fitness and food journal can help you identify where you may need to make changes.
    • Use a method that works best for you. In addition to old fashioned pen and paper journal, numerous free apps can allow you to track both nutrition and fitness online or even from your smartphone.
    • Weigh yourself once a week. Try to weigh yourself at the same time of day (ideally right when you wake up) and in the same clothes (or naked) so you can get a more accurate trend. Remember that your weight fluctuates throughout the day based on many factors.
    • Take your measurements every month. Knowing how many inches you've lost will tell you how much body fat you've shed.
    • Sometimes the scale may report a higher number than you look or feel due to adding muscle mass. Knowing your measurements may provide you with a truer metric.
  3. Step 4 Get adequate sleep...
    Get adequate sleep. Resting well each night is an incredibly important part of staying fit and healthy. If you do not get adequate sleep it makes it much more difficult to stay healthy.
    • Sleep is an integral part of your health. During sleep, your body is repairing and recovering from the day.
    • Studies have shown that those people who do not get the recommended seven to nine hours of sleep each night are more at risk for: heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.
    • Use your bed only for sleep and sex. Do not work or watch TV in bed — train your brain to understand that when your head hits the pillow, it's time to go to sleep.
    • Make sure you are turning off electronics well before trying to sleep and keeping them out of the bedroom as much as possible. Tablets, laptops, TV, and even your smartphone emit a particular kind of light (blue light) that can stimulate your brain and make it hard for you to sleep, even when the electronics are turned off.
    • Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time, even on weekends.
    • Make sure your room is dark, cool, and inviting. Try to keep clutter out of the bedroom.
    • If improving your sleep hygiene doesn't work, talk to your doctor about what might be causing your insomnia.
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